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L'économie politique des normes d'émission : La politique, les affaires et le développement des règlements sur les émissions des véhicules en Suède et en Europe (1960-1980)

Monaco, L. (2021).  L'économie politique des normes d'émission : La politique, les affaires et le développement des règlements sur les émissions des véhicules en Suède et en Europe (1960-1980). Compte rendu de la journée du Gerpisa.

En s'appuyant sur son travail de doctorat sur l'élaboration des normes d'émission en Suède, et en inscrivant le cas analysé dans le contexte européen, Näsman nous fournit des éléments précieux qui peuvent enrichir le débat plus large sur les réglementations environnementales, sur le Green Deal actuel et sur une transition juste dans l'industrie automobile. read more

Video

The Political Economy of Emission Standards: Politics, Business and the Making of Vehicle Emission Regulations in Sweden and Europe (1960-1980)

Monaco, L. (2021).  The Political Economy of Emission Standards: Politics, Business and the Making of Vehicle Emission Regulations in Sweden and Europe (1960-1980). Report of the Gerpisa monthly seminar.

Drawing on his doctoral work on the making of emission standards in Sweden, and inscribing the analysed case into the European context, Näsman provides us with valuable inputs that can enrich the broader debate on environmental regulations, on the current Green Deal and on a Just Transition in the automotive industry.

He traces the historical trajectory that led Sweden from the first serious discussions on environmental standards in the 1960s to the approval of European emission regulations based on the use of three-way catalytic converters in the 1980s. Through his case, Näsman highlights several, crucial issues. Firstly, he sheds light on the political economic environment that may affect the design and the implementation of new regulations – including political institutions, business and technical authorities. Secondly, he delves into the relationship between national and European institutional forces, and into the way this can either facilitate or hamper the advancement of progressive policy regulations. Thirdly, he shows how the development of emission standards may encounter technical obstacles, like the actual availability of material infrastructure (ex. fuel infrastructure). read more

Video

Green innovation patterns in the automotive industry: empirical evidence on green specialisations and the role of the systems of innovation from OECD countries

From protection to exposure: commercial demonstrations as steppingstones for large-scale diffusion of electrified heavy vehicles

Christian BERGGREN - Rapid Vehicle Electrification- What are the challenges?

Deffontaines, G. (2018).  Christian BERGGREN - Rapid Vehicle Electrification- What are the challenges?. Compte rendu de la journée du Gerpisa.
Présentation du rapport par l’auteur
 
Noxious diesel emissions far above official limits and the need to rapidly reduce-greenhouse gasesgenerate widespread calls for banning fossil-fueled cars in Europe. This report shows that it is possible to electrify 50 per cent of all new carsin the EU by 2030.
 
This, however, requires massive investment in European battery production capacity, anda long-term commitment to sustainable supply of critical materials.In addition a large-scale expansion of the charging infrastructure is needed, in particular at home and at work places, which account for around 95 per cent of all battery charging.Moreover, local grids will need enforcement in most countries.The additional electricity demand must be satisfied at a time when many coal-fired and nuclear-based power plants will be decommissioned. Plug-in hybrids, which combine a downsized combustion engine with an electric motor, will probably play an important role, both to relieve long-distance drivers of range anxiety and to reduce the demand for scarce virgin metals, in particular cobalt.
 
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