South Asia

Production networks of the Asian automobile industry: regional or global?

Jetin, B. (2018).  Production networks of the Asian automobile industry: regional or global?. International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management. 18(4), 302-328.

Asia is the host of some of the largest automobile markets and top global brands. It has recently taken several initiatives to foster its regional integration, such as Asia-wide trade agreements and infrastructure projects. This article examines the impact of these initiatives on the automobile fragmented production networks of Northeast, Southeast Asia and South Asia to see if they are becoming more regionalised or globalised, and to see if an Asia-wide production network is emerging. We focus on automobile component trade as a proxy of network trade and follow its evolution over the period 2001–2016 at the Asian and subregional level with a special emphasis on two major players, China and Japan. Our results show that a regionalisation process is under way between the three subregions, driven by China and Japan. However, this process is still slow due to the persistence of a high level of protectionism between the three subregions.

Public Policies and Ethnic Entrepreneurs Dealing Used Cars and Car Parts from Japan to the Global Market: Focusing on Pakistani and South Asian Transnational Migrants

Fukuda, T. (2019).  Public Policies and Ethnic Entrepreneurs Dealing Used Cars and Car Parts from Japan to the Global Market: Focusing on Pakistani and South Asian Transnational Migrants. Gerpisa colloquium.

Purpose (the outline of the research questions)
There are many migrant entrepreneurs engaged in used cars and used parts trading business in Japan. South Asians including Pakistani are representative actors in these industries. Their markets spread not only inside Japan but also all over the world. Pakistani used car dealers are famous among African, South American and Oceanian markets.
Why are there many Pakistani and South Asian entrepreneurs in this field? The reason is not simple. The multiple factors overlap, such as historical circumstances, political changes, economic trends, transition of legal systems or development of immigration networks. In this paper, we focus on the influences of the public policies of each country. The goal of this paper is to make it clear how Pakistani and South Asian migrants form their own niche markets and expand transnational trading networks, and, in addition, what roles their ethnic ties have in the formation of transnational communities.

Design (Methodology)
Presenter has engaged in research on Pakistani and South Asian migrant communities since 1998, focusing on entrepreneur networks (mainly used car and used parts dealers) in Japan, the UAE, Pakistan and New Zealand. This presentation is based on sociological research including field-works, interviews, participant observations, and other demographic and trade statistic data. read more

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