An Analysis of the Advantages and Disadvantages of Electric Vehicles from the Perspective of Czech Consumers

Publication Type:

Conference Paper

Source:

Gerpisa colloquium, Bordeaux (2024)

Keywords:

automotive, consumer, Electric Vehicle, electromobility, sustainability

Abstract:

Electromobility stands as a pivotal concern within the European automotive sector. Nonetheless, the trajectory of the Czech car market diverges from the widespread promotion of electromobility. The barriers hindering the adoption of Electric Vehicles (EVs) by Czech consumers were deliberated during the previous year's Gerpisa colloquium. Presently, researchers have directed their focus toward discerning the advantages and disadvantages of pure electric cars as perceived by Czech consumers. Employing a questionnaire survey methodology, a panel of respondents sourced from a research agency facilitated the acquisition of a representative sample. A total of 1000 complete questionnaires formed the basis for data analysis. The survey aimed not only to identify the perceived advantages and disadvantages of EVs among Czechs but also to gauge their significance. Respondents were prompted to assess each advantage and disadvantage along a spectrum ranging from fundamental problems to indifference or lack of knowledge. Additionally, the essentiality of EV benefits for Czech consumers was evaluated on a similar scale. The resultant data were analyzed in terms of relative and absolute frequencies, with contingency tables constructed to reflect socio-demographic factors. This paper presents the findings, notably highlighting variations across different age cohorts among the respondents.
The findings elucidate that Czech consumers predominantly regard purchase price as a significant obstacle, with 70% of respondents expressing such concerns. Furthermore, over half of the respondents identify the limited range per charge and the relatively short battery lifespan as major deterrents. Approximately 45% of respondents perceive the inadequacy of charging infrastructure, alongside concerns regarding charging time and safety risks associated with technology. Subsequent aspects such as operational expenses and maintenance costs are deemed major issues by more than 40% of Czech respondents. Notably, the eldest demographic group (65+) perceives certain disadvantages as fundamental to a greater extent compared to the youngest cohort (18-24 years).
Conversely, Czech consumers attribute few benefits to EVs, with essential benefits mentioned by no more than 16% of respondents. Noteworthy benefits cited include exemption from motorway tolls, free parking, and state subsidies for EV purchases, with over a third of respondents regarding these attributes favorably. Additionally, respondents appreciate the convenience of home charging and tax incentives. A supplementary query regarding the emotional response toward electric cars revealed a predominantly neutral stance, albeit with a notable fraction expressing negative sentiments.
In conclusion, the prevailing sentiment in the Czech Republic suggests that the disadvantages of EVs outweigh their advantages, culminating in a neutral or somewhat negative perception of electromobility among Czech consumers.

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