Main technological strategies of the world automotive industry to reduce air pollution caused by the use of the automobile: Restrictions for their use on the Mexican market

Type de publication:

Conference Paper

Source:

Gerpisa colloquium, Puebla (2016)

Mots-clés:

automotive technological strategies, greenhouse gas emissions, Mexican automobile market

Résumé:

Main technological strategies of the world automotive industry to reduce air pollution caused by the use of the automobile: Restrictions for their use on the Mexican market

María Hortensia Lacayo Ojeda
Jorge Armando Juárez González

Abstract

According to the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT, 2012, p.1), half of the world consumption of oil and a quarter of the greenhouse gas emissions in the world, are due to transport activities. This sector, which includes passenger vehicles, trucks, train, sea and air transportation, keeps on growing rapidly. So it is necessary to establish transportation policies in order to prevent the number of oil motor vehicles from duplicating in the next twelve years (ICCT, 2012, p. 1) and the increase of greenhouse gas emissions.

Many governments have committed to reduce the proportion of the activity of automotive transport in passenger automobiles and also improve public transport systems. Also, there has been a progress in some countries and cities around the world by changing to less polluting energies for the automobile and developing eco-efficient vehicles.

In Mexico, road transport activity has doubled during the first decade of the 21st Century and it is expected to grow up to 75 % by year 2030 (ICCT, 2012, p. 72), due to the absence of measures that contribute to efficiently reduce the use of the passenger vehicles. Furthermore, Mexican average vehicle fleet age has passed from 15 years in 2008 to 17 years in 2012 (Lacayo & Juárez, 2015, p. 9).

The aim of this work is to analyse the main technological strategies carried out by the world automotive industry to reduce greenhouse gas emissions caused by the use of vehicles and to point out the obstacles to generalize such solutions in the Mexican market.

In order to reach this objective, we will first present the evolution of Mexico as a vehicle producer and its vehicle internal and foreign markets. Secondly, the greenhouse gas emissions caused by several sources will be presented. In addition, the aging of Mexican automobile fleet will be analysed. Finally, the technological solutions implemented by the world automotive industry to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as well as the obstacles for its widespread use in the Mexican market will be discussed.

Reference of abstract data

ICCT. The International Council on Clean Transportation (2012). Global Transportation, Energy and Climate Road Map. The impact of transportation policies and their potential to reduce oil consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Washington: ICCT. [on line] http://theicct.org/sites/default/ files/publications/ICCT%20Roadmap%Energy%20Report.pdf (accessed August 12th, 2013).

Lacayo, Hortensia & Juárez, Jorge, Second hand vehicle imports in Mexico: Repercussions on end of life vehicle recycling in the 15th International Automobile Recycling Congress IARC 2015, Berlin, March 2015.

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