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Innovation in Sonora SMEs and The Entrepreneurs National Fund. An evaluation methodology of public policies from the local innovation systems perspective: a proposal.
Submitted by Paula Concepción Isiordia-Lachica, Universidad de Sonora Universidad de Sonora on 31 mars 2016 - 22:32
Type de publication:Conference Paper
Source:Gerpisa colloquium, Puebla (2016)
Mots-clés:innovation, public policies
The aim of this study is to make an overall assessment of instrumentation in Sonora for the National Entrepreneurs Fund (FNE) as an approach to the evaluation of public policies implemented by the federal government at the state level to support and encourage technology innovation processes of metalworking SMEs. Such assessment follows the recommendation of the OECD (2007) to have as a guide the evaluation process objectives that the fund itself has set, as well as handling and instrumentation.
The analysis performed is framed on one side, in innovation systems approaches, in presenting the efforts of the companies, government institutions and institutions of higher education and research. In this case, it is about small metalworking firms in Sonora, the FNE implemented under the responsibility of the Federal Ministry of Economics and the University of Sonora, as a seat of researchers whose activities focus on innovation processes in the companies mentioned.
This analysis is framed, on the other hand, in a longer-range project that focuses on the analysis of business-government relations in the field of markets and industrial parks in the State of Sonora. This project ("Linking business-government: the policy of promoting technological innovation and its impacts on small businesses in Sonora") has support of CONACYT and is hosted by the Innovation and Sustainability Group work which, in turn, it is sheltered at the academy of Strategic Engineering from the Industrial Engineering Department at the University of Sonora.
The working paper contains an introduction where the objectives of the study regarding the analysis of public policies grouped under the National Entrepreneurs Fund in Sonora are established, also presents a characterization of SMEs and the role of productivity, competitiveness and innovation. As well as a description of FNE and its predecessor (the SME Fund) with emphasis on the operating rules, goals and objectives, including a description of the experiences in other states and how it has been implemented in Sonora. Several assessments made towards the SME Fund (by the Ministry of Economy, World Bank, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, El Colegio de Mexico, the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México) are presented.
This analysis seeks to combine two methodological approaches; one called Six Steps to Heaven (6PP) of the OECD and developed by Storey, and the Logical Framework Matrix (LFM) as embodied in shaping Matrix Indicators and Results (MIR).
In addition, the different views that concur in the local innovation system are analyzed: of the federal government responsible for implementing policies, entrepreneurs as the main subject of supports and programs to promote innovation, and the conclusions of both academic approach according to the evidence found is used.
The findings fall into qualitative and quantitative root because different instruments are applied. The 6PP method has two parts, one of three steps that captures the perceptions of the beneficiaries of the program (which can be extended to an interpretation of the researcher), and another three steps is essentially quantitative. The MIR can be qualitative or quantitative.
The results allow us to reach different conclusions about the effectiveness of public policies FNE in Sonora, recognize their strengths and weaknesses, and identify areas of opportunity to improve their management and implementation.
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