Urban transport policy for promotion of electric vehicles in France

Type de publication:

Conference Paper

Source:

Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2019)

Résumé:

[The purpose of research]
The purpose of this research is to elucidate trend, institutional and social background of Electrification of Urban transport and Automobile. We will focus on promotion of electric vehicles (EV) and plug-in hybrids vehicle (PHV) in France. France has developed an advanced legal system on Transportation and urban mobility planning system. France made decentralization of transportation policy. We will make empirical research on France: intuitional research; Empirical research and case study of some good practice. This research analyze not only projects for electrification but also social background and urban and transportation planning system. We will elucidate the concern with institutional aspect (example urban mobility plan) and implementation of project for Electrification of Urban transport and Automobile.
This report choses 5 city cases and consists in three part. The first part is analysis Concerning Urban plan, mainly PDU (Urban Mobility Plan). The second part is field survey including interview to Urban Transport Authorities or other agencies. The third part is analysis the relation between policies in each cities and the regulation reform of EU or French Law.
[Characteristics of each city]
Authors choses five cities: Lyon; La Rochelle; Tours; Aix en Province; Valenciennes.
Lyon is the second largest city in France. Lyon has ever developed and promoted various innovative mobility means. Recently, Lyon has implemented a demonstration experiment of autonomous mini-bus that is the first case of permanent operation in France. Lyon has a plan for Electrification of Urban transport.
La Rochelle is the birthplace of electric vehicle sharing in France. This city has ever promoted electrification of urban mobility since 1990s. In second PDU (2010-2010), La Rochelle adopted Yélo-Mobility system that is integrated transports system including Bus Network, bicycle, water line and electric vehicle sharing.
Tours is a tourist city along the Loire River, traffic improvement progresses by introducing LRT (Modern Tramway System) in 2013. The PDU established in 2013 incorporates the enhancement of the electric car charging station. Tours city has promoted project of charging infrastructures cooperation with Indre-et-Loire Department.
In Aix-en-Provence, the action plan for electrification of urban mobility is defined in PDU established at 2015. Aix-en-Provence has implemented Car-sharing service of Electric vehicles and development charging infrastructures. And Aix-en-Provence will introduce new electric freight system in City center.
Valenciennes is an industrial city with few elements of tourism in the Nord Department, there is a Toyota factory. Valenciennes set up an e charging infrastructures with PDU established in 2013 and are promoting it as a project under the direct control of Metropole.
[Result]
From analysis of PDU, authors have found those means, development charging infrastructures for EV or PHV, car-sharing service of EV, subsidy to purchase EV, Parking policy for EV and PHV. About Development charging infrastructures for EV or PHV, all cities have project or plan. So this means is the most popular means for promotion EV and PHV on urban transport Policy in France. Aix en Provence has innovative plan called Telewatt Project that is charge system from street light facilities.
But Car-sharing service of EV is done in only one city, it is La Rochelle (In Lyon, there is an E-Car-sharing in certain area, without PDU). EV sharing trends to decline. EV sharing in La Rochelle has long history about 20 years. If the different PDU analysed in this work did not expose the intention to develop car-sharing services, it is perhaps because the PDU is an intercommunal document that need a consensus between all of the cities. The second part of this study will provide precise informations about the diverse car-sharing development in the agglomeration and the local initiative made by some municipality in complement of the PDU orientations. This question implicate a multi-level analyse of public policies from the municipal to the intercommunal political action. Concerning the charging infrastructure, it should be necessary to add a comparison between national, European and local objectives to understand if the 5 PDU analysed integrates only the European of national aims, or if these agglomeration try to be in advance to its. This comparison should be do with the European directive 94-2014 that command the European objectives about charging infrastructure for all of the member-states. In the same time, this methods necessitate to study if the agglomerations studied made an update of their objectives during a period of 2 years after the

Copyright© Gerpisa
Concéption Tommaso Pardi
Administration Géry Deffontaines

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