Automobile Market Analysis in Myanmar

Type de publication:

Conference Paper

Source:

Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2019)

Résumé:

Myanmar automobile market has grown rapidly after market opening in 2011. The purpose of this report will overview the change of passenger car import regulation and new car registration system in Myanmar based on Distribution Analysis (DA) from related statistics such as trade statistics, the amount of sales and End of Life Vehicle (ELVs), and we will consider issues from these results.
Since September 2011, an owner has gotten scrapped certificate of his / her old car over 20 years registered due to safety and environmental measures, and he / she can get import car license. This scheme is called the “old-car-replacement-permits”. Therefore, the amount of exported used cars from Japan to Myanmar have expanded rapidly. Used car imported were right-hand drive vehicle made in Japan since 2011 till 2018, the total number of used car exports from Japan were 317,528 units, of which source are Trade Statistics of Japan, Ministry of Finance. The new car sales have been released since 2014. The total number of domestic new car sales including both locally produced car and imported new car were 37,250 units, of which source are Automotive Association of Myanmar (AAM).
As a result, according to Department of Road Transport Administration, the number of registered passenger cars increased by 348,988 units from 279,066 units in 2011 to 628,054 units in 2018, and the total number of passenger cars was 2.3 times.
However, the import of the right-hand drive car was banned at the end of June 2018. For this reason, the old-car-replacement-permits have been no longer applied, the number of scrapped vehicles (ELVs) has been currently decreasing to about 1/100 after the import prohibition of the right-hand drive car. It can be inferred that an old car of about 100,000 vehicles have been running continuously, which is the cause of air pollution around Yangon Capital City.
By the way, Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC) has asked the applicant for a "Garage Certificate" when he / she want to import a car since 2015. This purpose is to alleviate congestion and to reduce street parking in Yangon, but YCDC does not ask buyers of new car made in Myanmar for a Garage Certificate. Furthermore, YCDC has stopped issuing the Garage Certificate for only imported cars which are needed for obtaining Yangon number plate since 2016. Regarding the alternative method to Yangon number plate issuing, YCDC has been considering bidding system called Yangon Vehicle Quota System (YVQS), but it has not been introduced yet. Therefore, there is the double standard in Yangon between import a car and new car made in Myanmar. Because there are over 60% of registered cars in Yangon, the Garage Certificate is considered to function substantially as a non-tariff barrier.
Due to the effect of the import prohibition of the right-hand drive car and non-tariff barriers, according to AAM, the number of new cars sales in 2018 was about 17,500 units, 2.1 times compared to the previous year. The breakdown is that passenger cars was 14,400 units, 2.4 times as compared with 2017, and commercial vehicles was 3,100 units, 40% increase from 2017.

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