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Supporting technology transition in the mobility sector: Analysis and evaluation of political and economical support schemes for electric vehicles
Submitted by Stefan Bickert, on 20 janv. 2014 - 14:50
Type de publication:Conference Paper
Source:Gerpisa colloquium, Kyoto (2014)
Mobility represents a fundamental function of the economic and private life today. At the same time limited fossil energy resources and emissions from vehicles require the transformation of mobility systems towards sustainability. To meet these challenges, electric vehicles became more important in recent years. Despite numerous advantages of this innovative technology in the mobility sector, several obstacles and in this context especially the high purchase price of electric vehicles pose a significant barrier to market success.
One way to overcome these obstacles is to set up incentives to support the market integration of electric vehicles. Incentives can be used as monetary and non-monetary support. The use of incentives differs significantly between several countries. While in many European countries a variety of incentives for electric vehicles exists, they have so far been promoted in Germany solely on special conditions in annual car taxation. Based on this situation, the analysis aims to evaluate incentives to ensure an efficient support of electric vehicles in different target dimensions. These dimensions result from the potentials of electric vehicles, if advantages can be realized. The dimensions comprise: economic efficiency, environmental sustainability, grid integration.
The methodology follows a three-step-approach: Firstly, an overview of political and economic incentives of various countries is created. Secondly, these incentives are analyzed and categorized in terms of their modes of action. Thirdly, incentives are evaluated regarding their effectiveness to achieve certain goals in the target dimensions.
With this, the analysis points out the potentials of different incentives and recommends special ones or combinations of them to achieve certain targets.
First results suggest, that incentives have to be especially selected regarding their target dimension. To ensure an economically and environmentally efficient integration of electric vehicles in existing mobility and energy structures - and with this an efficient transformation of the mobility sector towards sustainability - incentives have to address all three pillars of sustainable development: economic factors, ecologic factors, and social factors.