China's auto industry: Success despite policy

Type de publication:

Journal Article


Smitka, M.J.


International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, Volume 16, Number 2, p.114-129 (2016)



China's industrial policy aimed to foster 'national' producers of a low-cost 'people's car' based on domestic technology that would serve as an engine for exports. Toward that end the government employed a strategy of import substitution industrialisation (ISI). Narrowly interpreted, this policy has been an abject failure: national producers struggle, cars are neither utilitarian nor domestic in technology, while exports are limited. Nevertheless, China is today the world's largest producer of passenger vehicles, with high levels of local content and increasing levels of local engineering. It is poised to become a modest export base and a locus for vehicle engineering and development by global auto firms. © 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

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