Industrialization models in Latin America. The case of the automobile industry in Mexico and Brazil

Type de publication:

Conference Paper


Gerpisa colloquium 2013, Paris (2013)


The object of this article is to analyze the development model as well as the policies of industrialization used in Mexico and Brazil, and especially in the automobile industry. For the development of this paper we studied the economic models and the industrial policies of these two countries designed from the decade of the eighties to the year of 2012. Diverse economic indicators were used to find out if the economic model and the industrial policies followed by each country achieved the proposed goals. A brief description is done of the contributions that Latin America has done to the models of alternative economy and Brazil´s role as guarantor of the stability in South America. The methodology chosen to locate the success of a model of industrialization is his impact in the strengthening of the internal market from the economic point of view. From the social perspective the impulse to raise the population standards of living, poverty reduction and decrease of the distribution gap of income. In relation of the automobile industry, we analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of the undertaken policies, as well as the results reached. In spite that these two countries followed different policies for industrialization related to automobile industry, the conclusion is that the industrialization models have not reached completely the proposed goals though in Brazil´s case there are indicators showing advances in his population well-being. Key words: industrialization models in Mexico and Brazil, public policies for the automobile industry in Mexico and Brazil.

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