When regulations shape the future of an industry: the case of the high-voltage battery

Publication Type:

Journal Article


International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, Volume 23, Number 4, p.343 – 382 (2023)




Automotive industry, battery manufacturing, Battery supply, Battery Supply Chain, China, Europe, High voltage batteries, Localisation, regulation, Secondary batteries, Supply chains, USA, Zero emission vehicles, ZEV


In China, Europe and the USA, the transition from thermal to battery electric vehicles is ongoing under the effect of technology forcing regulations. We investigate whether and how those related to high-voltage batteries could shape the future of the automotive industry. While China is leading the way, Europe and the USA, with very high levels of funding, are racing against time to catch up and develop a sustainable battery value chain controlled by local champions. As the USA resorts to protectionism, we hypothesise that we may see the emergence of three geographic production hubs, ending the globalisation of the battery industry. Copyright © 2023 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.


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