The support of the Automotive clusters, CSO to the development of the industry 4.0 in Mexico

Type de publication:

Conference Paper

Source:

Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2020)

Résumé:

The support of the Automotive clusters, CSO to the development of the industry 4.0 in Mexico

Introduction
The automotive sector in Mexico is growing in importance: the contribution to the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased from 1.6% in 1993 to 3.7% in 2017 generating 800 thousand direct jobs (INEGI, 2018) This has meant more government support and interest from universities and public research centers to collaborate with companies from this sector. Several intermediate organizations have been working with the industry but the ones created to boost the development of the automotive sector were the civil associations known as Automotive Cluster, (AC). Dedicated to make “organized efforts to increase growth and competitiveness of clusters within a region, involving cluster firms, government and the research community”, they have a facilitator or manager, an organizational structure, offices where they operate and financing (Sóvel, Lindqvist and Ketels, 2003).
The creation of AC can be considered a regional development strategy initiated just over a decade ago, supported by the existing natural clusters, by the government from each state and by the Ministry of Economy. Actually there is a network of nine organizations from each state as follows: Nuevo León, Guanajuato, State of Mexico, Puebla and Tlaxcala, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Querétaro, Jalisco and San Luis Potosí.
The aim of this work is to analyze the actions being carried at AC in order to boost the advance of manufacturing 4.0 in Mexico. We reviewed their web pages, four industrial magazines specialized in manufacturing in Mexico and conducted interviews with AC members: three general directors, a general director of the science and technology council, a technical director, a member of the committee for continuous improvement of quality systems and training and another of purchasing and technological innovation. The interview focuses on CA activities and in the migration to industry 4.0 by its associates. Results indicate that the automotive industry had advanced in robotics and automation, simulation software, but not in artificial intelligence and virtual reality. However, the International Federation of Robotics in 2017 reported only 20843 robots in operation in the automotive industry in México. In addition, the country doesn’t produce industrial robots or personal service robots. In order to detect necessities working groups to develop industry 4.0 among its partners were created. Placing sensors on assembly lines was the first recommendation made by these groups to SME partners. CAs offers courses in Industry 4.0 and flexible manufacturing, robotics and automation, robots for machining, welding and manufacturing cells. It is possible to get a teacher certification in order to teach robotics, design, 3D simulation to workers of associated companies. Congresses and events such as the Smart Industry Summit 4.0 are promoted and sponsored. Multinational companies associated with CA do not usually have problems with issues related to industry 4.0 since all their development comes from a foreign corporation and do not require support with this issue. The impulse to establish industry 4.0 technologies come from OEMs that express their needs and then look for ways to provide for them. Results indicate that some activities have been carried out to support the process of digitization however a large amount of work by CAs addresses more basic issues of administration, certification and engineering.

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