Automotive clusters and industry 4.0 in Mexico

Type de publication:

Conference Paper

Source:

Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2020)

Résumé:

The Automotive clusters and industry 4.0 in Mexico

The automotive sector in Mexico is growing in importance: the contribution to the National Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased from 1.6% in 1993 to 3.7% in 2017 generating 800 thousand direct jobs (INEGI, 2018) This has meant more government support and interest from universities and public research centers to collaborate with companies from this sector. Several intermediate organizations have been working with the industry but the ones created to boost the development of the automotive sector were the civil associations known as Automotive Cluster, (AC). These organizations are dedicated to make “organized efforts to increase growth and competitiveness of clusters within a region, involving cluster firms, government and the research community”(Sóvel, Lindqvist and Ketels, 2003).
Actually there is a network of nine organizations from each state as follows: Nuevo León, Guanajuato, State of Mexico, Puebla and Tlaxcala, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Querétaro, Jalisco and San Luis Potosí.
The aim of this work is to analyze the actions being carried at AC in order to boost the advance of manufacturing 4.0 in Mexico. We reviewed their web pages, industrial magazines specialized in manufacturing in Mexico and conducted interviews with AC members. The interview focuses on CA activities and in the migration to industry 4.0 by its associates. Results indicate that the automotive industry had advanced in robotics and automation, simulation software, but not in artificial intelligence and virtual reality. In order to detect requirements working groups to develop industry 4.0 among its partners were created. CAs offers courses in Industry 4.0 and flexible manufacturing, robotics and automation, robots for machining, welding and manufacturing cells. Congresses and events such as the Smart Industry Summit 4.0 are promoted and sponsored. The impulse to establish industry 4.0 technologies come from OEMs that express their needs and then look for ways to fulfill them. Results indicate that some activities have been carried out to support the process of digitization however a large amount of work by CAs addresses more basic issues of administration, certification and engineering.

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