The new paradigm: Development of Autonomous Vehicles

Publication Type:

Conference Paper


Arturo Lara


Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2016)


The paradigm of the auto industry could be transformed with the arrival of autonomous vehicles. The purpose of this work is classify autonomous vehicles (conceptual, prototype and production) according to six levels of automation: no automation, driver asistencia, partial automation, conditional automation, , high automation y full automation. (SAE, 2013). This taxonomy allows us to understand the evolution of autonomous vehicles considering four capabilities: accelerating, braking, represent the environment and driving.

Evidence indicates that of the 14 developed autonomous vehicles, the main bottleneck is related to the different forms of vision (lidar, radar, stereo camera, etc.) necessary to represent the environment. Our results help to understand: i) the way companies are developing autonomous vehicles; ii) the nature of technological change, its imbalances and restrictions; iii) the new institutional rules associated with its use.

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