26th Gerpisa International Colloquium - Who drives the change? New and traditional players in the global automotive sector

26th International Colloquium of Gerpisa

Date: 
11 June, 2018 - 09:00 - 14 June, 2018 - 17:00

University of São Paulo - School of Economics, Business and Accounting - FEA/USP

Organisation committee
Call for papers
Summary

The current international programme of research of Gerpisa focuses on the new frontiers of the automotive sector intended, literally, as new emerging markets and industries, but also as new technologies, new innovation fields, new applications and regulations. In the last international colloquium in Paris we asked whether the transformations taking place in these new spaces and fields were disruptive or evolutionary as far as their nature and pace were concerned. This year in Sao Paulo, we would like to focus on the players who are involved in these transformations and their capacity to shape different types of futures and to drive the direction of change.
 
The complexity of the automotive sector has grown dramatically in the last years. Two worlds are colliding: on the one hand, the traditional world of carmakers, OEMs and car related distribution and services, which is dealing with the electrification and digitalization of cars, the digitalization of production and value chains, the transformations of mobility systems and more constraining environmental and transport regulations; on the other hand, the world of ICT, which is entering the automotive sector in many different ways (Tesla, Uber, Google, Amazon, Cisco, Huawei, etc.) and could change its structure and the very nature of its business. In addition, due to the electrification of cars, battery producers, as well as other companies in the battery and electric engine value chain, are becoming very significant players in the automotive sector.
 
Between them, local, regional, national and supranational governments are rapidly reshaping mobility systems, innovation systems, environmental and industrial policies in ways that could affect all these players. But the direction of change is also shaped by the roadmaps and technology expectations that shape the actions of many of these actors. Such visions are embodied in artefacts – consultants’ reports and analyses, industry advisory reports, technology roadmaps, patents pools, research papers and books, public policies and reports – that are produced by different types of actors who also require our attention.
 
What are the strategies and business models that these players deploy in order to transform or disrupt the automotive sector? How do they interact with each other through competition, but also through alliances, consortiums, mergers and acquisitions, lobbying and political work and action? Who is driving the change in these fields of innovation: global or local players? Mature or emerging countries? Automotive or ICT companies? Products and technologies or policies and regulations?
 
We are aware that answers to those issues are not unique and during the São Paulo conference special attention will be devoted to better understand what would be the case of countries like Brazil (where no indigenous OEM exists) that seem to be loosing the race to develop new competencies when compared with the situation of, let say, some years ago. Is there any space or opportunity for country strategies like Brazil’s in developing new products and services for the electrification and digitalization of vehicles? For instance, does the strong interconnection between these new technologies and the emergence of new mobility paradigms pave the way for more local solutions and innovations pushed by specific public policies? Do local players have an advantage in dealing with such transformations?     
 
We are calling for empirical and/or conceptual studies focusing on these as well as other questions raised by the current reconfiguration of the automotive sector triggered by the entry of new actors, the emergence of new mobility systems, and fast and cumulative changes in public policies and regulations. We still also keep a special focus on the impact of all these changes on work and employment either in the recent past or in the foreseeable future.
Papers developing historical perspectives on all these issues are also welcome.
 
This call for papers is organized in five major themes of research that structure our on-going international programme on “The new frontiers of the global automotive industry”.
 
We also draw your attention to the special issue of the international journal IJATM that will be based on a selection of the best papers presented during the colloquium, including the winner of the young author’s prize, and to the special sub-theme on the future of work in collaboration with the International Labour Organization.
 
 

Koichi Shimizu - obituary

Date: 
20/07/2017

It is with great sorrow that we learned Koichi Shimizu’s sudden passing this summer. At the beginning of March he was with us in Paris, introducing us to the latest developments at Toyota, at one of the sessions of Gerpisa’s monthly seminar. For some months he had been keeping us informed of his cancer and the course of treatment he was following, without ever complaining, depressing or pestering. The last time we saw him, he was rather confident – and so were we – the disease having not altered his energy and lucidity. He was passionate about research and he often regretted not being able to devote more time to it. Nevertheless, he assumed his academic position with conviction, notably that of Dean of the Faculty of Economics at the University of Okayama for some years. He was counting on retirement to carry out the work on Toyota he had undertaken. The disease did not grant him with enough time.
 
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The European government of economies

Date: 
8 October, 2015 - 09:00 - 9 October, 2015 - 18:00

Espace Maurice Allais,
Ecole des Mines ParisTech
60, Boulevard Saint Michel, Paris

Inscription
Summary

The functioning of the Single Market, of the European institutions, as well as the process of European integration have become central objects of research to grasp the transformations of the economic and political regulations within the enlarged Europe. However, if the works exploring these questions have multiplied through all the social sciences, the knowledge developed by this heterogeneous literature remains largely compartmentalized by discipline, or even by sub-discipline.

This conference organized by the Thematic Network 12 (economic sociology) and the Thematic Network 18 (employment relations) of the French Sociological Association aims to lay the ground for a “decompartmentalization” of this field of research. It will focus on the articulation between markets’ transformations and employment relationships’ transformations in the context of the European integration and the enlargement to the new members states. It will favour a sectoral-meso approach by which industries and services can be analysed as political and institutional fields where these processes of transformation of markets and employment relationships take place. A particular attention will be given to the present context of economic and institutional crisis that could be explored as a testing of the European institutions.

Amongst the research questions that we would like to develop, we will focus on the concrete way national and European regulations interact, contradict and complement one each other by making the hypothesis that the sectoral scale is perhaps the most pertinent one to grasp such a process; we will also look at the influence that national frameworks maintain on the way transnational firms make European markets of goods, services and work; conversely, it will be interesting to analyse at the scale of the European government of industries and services the degree of overlapping between markets’ regulations and the European social dialogue in each sector; it will be also important to see which place have “the European social model” and, more generally, the employment’s and work’s stakes in the political and juridical construction of each different market; finally, the question of efficiency, related to the social and political construction of economic rationality in each of these markets, shall be not overlooked: do we see new conceptions of control emerging in the Europeanization process of these markets? What are their rules? How do they affect the balance between capital and labour? And what role do they play in the present economic, political and institutional crisis of the European Union?

Organization committee

Hervé Champin (IDHES), Camille Dupuy (IDHES), Alexandre Mallard (CSI – Écoles des Mines), Tommaso Pardi (IDHES)

Quel travail dans l'usine du futur?

Date: 
19 March, 2015 - 08:00 - 20 March, 2015 - 18:00

Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan
Amphithéâtre Marie Curie
Bâtiment d'Alembert
61, avenue du Président Wilson
94235 Cachan

Organisation committee
Summary

L’ « usine du futur » occupe aujourd’hui le devant de la scène : elle fait partie des 34 plans de la Nouvelle France Industrielle lancés par le ministère du Redressement Productif en 2013 ; elle fait l’objet de nombreux et importants programmes de soutien à la recherche à l’échelle européenne (H2020) et française (ANR, CNRS) ; et concentre aussi l’activité de beaucoup d’acteurs de l’innovation, notamment sur le plateau de Saclay et dans ses environs, comme les pôles de compétitivité Systematic et Move’o, le CEA, les centres de R&D de grands groupes comme Renault et PSA, les entreprises directement impliquées dans la conception et le développement des usines de demain, comme FIVES et FESTO, ainsi que les laboratoires universitaires engagés dans l’exploration de nouvelles technologies de production et de nouveaux matériaux, comme le LURPA et le LMT à l’ENS de Cachan.

Dans le paysage complexe qui est en train de se dessiner autour de tous ces projets et initiatives, les sciences sociales ont été invitées ponctuellement à s’exprimer, mais leur rôle reste pour l’heure secondaire et mal défini. Cette conférence vise à poser les bases d’une meilleure et plus claire intégration des sciences sociales dans ce débat, et plus particulièrement, en ce qui concerne la question centrale du travail, et de son évolution/transformation dans l’usine du futur.

Si tout le monde semble en effet s’accorder pour dire que le travail dans l’usine du futur sera très différent par rapport à aujourd’hui, la manière dont cette transformation radicale est censée avoir lieu, et les conséquences qu’elle aura sur le travail et les travailleurs, n’ont pas encore fait l’objet d’études et d’analyses approfondies. L’ambition de cette conférence est d’amorcer une réflexion collective sur ces questions en croisant les points de vue à la fois des ingénieurs et chercheurs qui sont en train de concevoir “l’usine du futur”, des représentants de grands groupes et de l’État qui sont en train d’en promouvoir le développement dans différentes arènes et par différents projets, et des représentants des sciences sociales engagés dans des travaux de recherche sur les usines d’aujourd’hui, de hier et pourquoi pas de demain (sociologues, historiens, économistes, mais aussi psychologues du travail et ergonomes). Ces échanges seront organisés en huit sessions plénières autour de trois thématiques centrales.

- Contenu et organisation du travail (faut-il dépasser l’usine frugale?)
- Engagement et coopération au travail (l’impact des nouvelles technologies)
- Du travail comme coût au travail comme créateur de valeur (enjeux d’efficience et enjeux d’innovation).

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Concéption Tommaso Pardi
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