25th International Colloquium of Gerpisa
61 avenue du Président Wilson
94 235 Cachan Cedex, France
Never before has the automotive industry has been involved in so many revolutions at once: the EV revolution, the digital and autonomous car revolution, the new mobility revolution, the industry 4.0 revolution. Forecasts from authoritative agencies announce that in the very near future the car as we have come to know it until the beginning of the XXI century – privately acquired and owned, personally driven, propelled by an internal combustion engine and manufactured by human beings – will cease to exist, replaced by electric, autonomous, connected mobility services produced in highly automated and flexible factories.
Carmakers and automotive traditional suppliers do not contest these views: they rather portray themselves as the future providers of these new services and technologies. Several reports suggest that if they don’t (or even if they do), other actors, ranging from GAFA (Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon) to others ICT (Information and Communication Technology) and “social network” firms and start-ups, will take the control of this new digital value chain.
Yet, if one looks at the 91 millions of cars produced worldwide in 2015, an all time record, it is hard to see many traces of these on-going and upcoming revolutions. Indeed, never before in the history of mankind were so many conventional, ICE propelled and privately owned and driven cars produced by the traditional players of the automotive industry.
The problem with disruptive innovations is that they are supposed to start small, before becoming dominant. But how to know in advance if we are dealing with true radical changes or passing fashions? How to properly characterise their dynamics in order to assess what is actually happening rather than what “should” be happening or “will” be happening? More precisely, what are the economic, technological, institutional, political and social conditions that would allow these radical changes to take place and diffuse? Companies like Tesla and Uber do appear as successful disruptive players, pushing forward fully electric cars, new mobility services and autonomous cars, but their impact is still very small and one may question how long they can survive if their losses grow (much) faster than their revenues? More generally, what are the “business models” that sustain these radical transformations, for instance, not only for EV production and sale, but also for the building of the required charging infrastructure, and the provision of the batteries and the electricity in the amount and at the price required to support a fast and large diffusion?
The Call for Papers asks for submissions that examine if and how these “revolutions” are taking place. The contributions may also question the pertinence and relevance of these disruptive “revolutions” for understanding the actual on-going transformations of the automotive sector in mature and emerging markets. More generally, we welcome papers that explore how electric cars, electric mobility, new services and applications, autonomous vehicles, digital cars, automotive big data and factories of future are promoted, conceived, developed, implemented and diffused, and how they impact and transform the market and production of vehicles, the transport of goods and persons, and the work and employment of people in the automotive and transport sectors.
We are calling for empirical and/or conceptual studies focusing on these as well as other questions raised by the present “disruptive” “revolutions” expected to deeply transform the global automotive industry and, more generally, the field of transportation and mobility. Amongst these, the themes of our previous international programme on the structuring/restructuring of the global automotive industry remain important. In particular, do these, as other transformations in the automotive industry, sustain globalization through regional integration, FDI and further development of the global value chains? Or are we witnessing the beginning of a de-globalization process triggered, for instance, by “disruptive” political changes as Brexit and the election of Donald Trump as the president of the US?
Papers developing historical perspectives on all these issues are welcome. They could focus for instance on previous technological and product revolutions in the automotive sector, on the social and political construction and use of forecasts by governments and consultants, on the role of trade integration and/or protectionism for the development of the automotive sector in mature and emerging countries, and on previous more or less successful, aborted or forgotten “revolutions”.
This call for papers is organized in five major themes of research that structure our on-going international programme on “The new frontiers of the global automotive industry”.
We also draw your attention to the special issue of the international journal IJATM that will be based on a selection of the best papers presented during the colloquium, including the winner of the young author’s prize, and to the special sub-theme on the future of work in collaboration with the International Labour Organization.
1. Embedding the automobile in societal contexts: new services, new uses, new integrated mobility systems, new business models (Bruce Belzowski, Alex Covarrubias, Bertha Vallejo))
2. New technologies: sustainable mobility or the brave new world (Giuseppe Giulio Calabrese, Roberto Marx)
3. Production models and strategies, new locations and restructuring of value chains: between incremental and disruptive innovation (Tommaso Pardi, Vincent Frigant, Thomas Klier)
4. Employment and labour relations: between segmentation and convergence (Jorge Carrillo-Viveros, Martin Krzywdzinski, Tommaso Pardi)
5. Public policies – national and regional clusters: between path dependency/inertia and structural change (Bruno Jetin, Sigfrido Ramirez)
In order to submit a proposal click on the call for papers link above and then on the dedicated link in the chosen theme. Proposals should range between 500 and 1000 words. They should present the outline of the research question (Purpose), the methodology (design), the main results (Findings) and their practical implications.
The procedure to submit final articles will be sent by email following the proposal acceptation. Final articles should range between 5000-7000 words (excluding figures, tables and references) in order to be considered for the IJATM special number. High-quality articles which exceed 7000 words will be also considered.
IJATM special issue
The International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management (IJATM) published by Inderscience publishes each year a special issue based on a selection of the most relevant papers presented during the GERPISA yearly colloquium. One or two papers from young authors will also be published in this special issue. An evaluation committee, composed of members of the GERPISA’s international steering committee, will assess the papers during the colloquium (young authors and others).
The criteria of the assessment are based on the relevance of the topic inquired, the presentation and the accuracy of the results, the quality of the methodological work, and the review of the literature. A variety of work in the field of social sciences (history, management, economics, sociology, geography, political science, etc.) dealing with automobile industry is welcome.
After the decision of the GERPISA’s steering committee, the selected papers will be refereed through a double-blind process, and then published in a special issue of the International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management. We are looking forward to reading your papers and attending your presentations.
Gerpisa Young Author Price
The Young Author’s Prize of GERPISA, consisting of the publication of the winning paper in a special issue of IJATM and a 1500 € reward, aims at recognizing the work of young researchers on topics related to the automobile industry, encouraging them to develop their enquiries on automobile industry.
Requirements to submit a paper proposal for the young author’s prize:
1. Master, Ph.D. students, post-doc, etc. (no full-time associate professor, professor or researcher) needs to be less than 37 years old (papers co-authored with a senior researcher will not be assessed);
2. Paper based on the analysis (whether theoretical, methodological, or empirical) of the automobile industry (topics have to cover one of the five themes of the colloquium);
3. Presentation of the paper during the 25th international colloquium, Paris, 14th of June – 16th of June 2017;
4. Submission online (for one of the 5 above-mentioned themes, specifying that the papers are for the prize), and email (name, date of birth, nationality, status, University, topic, abstract) to Giuseppe Calabrese (firstname.lastname@example.org), and Tommaso Pardi (email@example.com) before the 31st of March 2017.
Espace Maurice Allais,
Ecole des Mines ParisTech
60, Boulevard Saint Michel, Paris
The functioning of the Single Market, of the European institutions, as well as the process of European integration have become central objects of research to grasp the transformations of the economic and political regulations within the enlarged Europe. However, if the works exploring these questions have multiplied through all the social sciences, the knowledge developed by this heterogeneous literature remains largely compartmentalized by discipline, or even by sub-discipline.
This conference organized by the Thematic Network 12 (economic sociology) and the Thematic Network 18 (employment relations) of the French Sociological Association aims to lay the ground for a “decompartmentalization” of this field of research. It will focus on the articulation between markets’ transformations and employment relationships’ transformations in the context of the European integration and the enlargement to the new members states. It will favour a sectoral-meso approach by which industries and services can be analysed as political and institutional fields where these processes of transformation of markets and employment relationships take place. A particular attention will be given to the present context of economic and institutional crisis that could be explored as a testing of the European institutions.
Amongst the research questions that we would like to develop, we will focus on the concrete way national and European regulations interact, contradict and complement one each other by making the hypothesis that the sectoral scale is perhaps the most pertinent one to grasp such a process; we will also look at the influence that national frameworks maintain on the way transnational firms make European markets of goods, services and work; conversely, it will be interesting to analyse at the scale of the European government of industries and services the degree of overlapping between markets’ regulations and the European social dialogue in each sector; it will be also important to see which place have “the European social model” and, more generally, the employment’s and work’s stakes in the political and juridical construction of each different market; finally, the question of efficiency, related to the social and political construction of economic rationality in each of these markets, shall be not overlooked: do we see new conceptions of control emerging in the Europeanization process of these markets? What are their rules? How do they affect the balance between capital and labour? And what role do they play in the present economic, political and institutional crisis of the European Union?
Hervé Champin (IDHES), Camille Dupuy (IDHES), Alexandre Mallard (CSI – Écoles des Mines), Tommaso Pardi (IDHES)
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan
Amphithéâtre Marie Curie
61, avenue du Président Wilson
L’ « usine du futur » occupe aujourd’hui le devant de la scène : elle fait partie des 34 plans de la Nouvelle France Industrielle lancés par le ministère du Redressement Productif en 2013 ; elle fait l’objet de nombreux et importants programmes de soutien à la recherche à l’échelle européenne (H2020) et française (ANR, CNRS) ; et concentre aussi l’activité de beaucoup d’acteurs de l’innovation, notamment sur le plateau de Saclay et dans ses environs, comme les pôles de compétitivité Systematic et Move’o, le CEA, les centres de R&D de grands groupes comme Renault et PSA, les entreprises directement impliquées dans la conception et le développement des usines de demain, comme FIVES et FESTO, ainsi que les laboratoires universitaires engagés dans l’exploration de nouvelles technologies de production et de nouveaux matériaux, comme le LURPA et le LMT à l’ENS de Cachan.
Dans le paysage complexe qui est en train de se dessiner autour de tous ces projets et initiatives, les sciences sociales ont été invitées ponctuellement à s’exprimer, mais leur rôle reste pour l’heure secondaire et mal défini. Cette conférence vise à poser les bases d’une meilleure et plus claire intégration des sciences sociales dans ce débat, et plus particulièrement, en ce qui concerne la question centrale du travail, et de son évolution/transformation dans l’usine du futur.
Si tout le monde semble en effet s’accorder pour dire que le travail dans l’usine du futur sera très différent par rapport à aujourd’hui, la manière dont cette transformation radicale est censée avoir lieu, et les conséquences qu’elle aura sur le travail et les travailleurs, n’ont pas encore fait l’objet d’études et d’analyses approfondies. L’ambition de cette conférence est d’amorcer une réflexion collective sur ces questions en croisant les points de vue à la fois des ingénieurs et chercheurs qui sont en train de concevoir “l’usine du futur”, des représentants de grands groupes et de l’État qui sont en train d’en promouvoir le développement dans différentes arènes et par différents projets, et des représentants des sciences sociales engagés dans des travaux de recherche sur les usines d’aujourd’hui, de hier et pourquoi pas de demain (sociologues, historiens, économistes, mais aussi psychologues du travail et ergonomes). Ces échanges seront organisés en huit sessions plénières autour de trois thématiques centrales.
- Contenu et organisation du travail (faut-il dépasser l’usine frugale?)
- Engagement et coopération au travail (l’impact des nouvelles technologies)
- Du travail comme coût au travail comme créateur de valeur (enjeux d’efficience et enjeux d’innovation).
Concéption Tommaso Pardi
Administration Géry Deffontaines